psy405 wk4 individual - Due Week 4 Day 7 Post on the...

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Due Week 4 Day 7 Post on the Assignments Page Using the theories associated with the theoretical approaches I have approved for you; prepare a 1,400 to 1,750-word paper in which you compare and contrast the two theor- etical approaches you have selected. Do not use the theoretical approach (Psychoana- lytic) you wrote about in week two. Pick two of the following: Humanistic/Existential (considered one theory), Dispositional, or Learning. Be sure to address the concepts of all the theorists' in both the theories you have chosen. In your analysis, be sure to address the following items: 1. Describe the role of personality in affecting situational behavior. 2. Examine the personality characteristics attributed to each of the theories in your se- lected theoretical approaches. 3. Explain interpersonal relationships using the various personality theories within your selected theoretical approach. What is Social Learning Theory? The social learning theory proposed by Albert Bandura has become perhaps the most influential theory of learning and development. While rooted in many of the basic con- cepts of traditional learning theory, Bandura believed that direct reinforcement could not account for all types of learning. His theory added a social element, arguing that people can learn new information and behaviors by watching other people. Known as observational learning (or modeling), this type of learning can be used to explain a wide variety of behaviors. Basic Social Learning Concepts There are three core concepts at the heart of social learning theory. First is the idea that people can learn through observation. Next is the idea that internal mental states are an essential part of this process. Finally, this theory recognizes that just because something has been learned, it does not mean that it will result in a change in behavior. Let's explore each of these concepts in greater depth. 1. People can learn through observation. Observational Learning In his famous "Bobo doll" studies, Bandura demonstrated that children learn and imitate behaviors they have observed in other people. The children in Bandura’s studies ob- served an adult acting violently toward a Bobo doll. When the children were later al- lowed to play in a room with the Bobo doll, they began to imitate the aggressive actions they had previously observed. Bandura identified three basic models of observational learning: A live model, which involves an actual individual demonstrating or acting out a behavior. A verbal instructional model, which involves descriptions and explanations of a behavi- or.
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A symbolic model, which involves real or fictional characters displaying behaviors in books, films, television programs, or online media. 2. Mental states are important to learning.
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This note was uploaded on 09/25/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 405 taught by Professor Smith during the Summer '11 term at University of Phoenix.

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psy405 wk4 individual - Due Week 4 Day 7 Post on the...

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