Lecture 7 - alkanes - Lecture 7 Alkanes Nomenclature...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 7 Alkanes Nomenclature Conformational Analysis Last Time V. Patman 2 Tues 2.08.11 V. Patman 2 V. Patman 3 Nomenclature IUPAC (Intl Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) For alkanes, use a prefix to indicate the number of carbons in parent chain (longest chain), and use ane suffix to indicate it is a saturated hydrocarbon. Alkyl group: any substituent derived from an alkane. ( R ) To name, use the prefix for the corresponding number of carbons, add yl as the suffix. H 3 C CH 3 CH 3 H 3 C H 3 C CH 3 H 3 C CH 3 H 3 C Tues 2.08.11 V. Patman 3 V. Patman 4 Nomenclature All substituents are given a name and a number. Connect with a hyphen to name of parent chain. Substituents should be given lowest number possible. If there are two or more identical substituents, number the chain from the end that gives the lower number to the substituent encountered first....
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Lecture 7 - alkanes - Lecture 7 Alkanes Nomenclature...

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