Chapter 17 THE AGE OF PILGRIMAGES MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The most venerated pilgrimage shrine in the West, outside Rome or Jerusalem, was the _____________________. a. tomb of Lazarus at Autun b. tomb of Saint Foy at Conques c. tomb of St. Martin at Tours d. tomb of the Apostle James at Santiago de Compostela Answer: d 2. Which of the following encouraged the growth of towns and cities? a. a sharp increase in trade b. the pilgrimage routes c. a consolidation of power within the papacy d. the end of the power of the Vikings Answer: a 3. There is a diversity of regional styles in Romanesque church architecture. Which of the following is characteristic of the Northern French style found in St.-Étienne at Vignory? a. It used small brick-like stones. b. It used poured cement. c. It used large sawn blocks of stone. d. It used a wooden superstructure. Answer: c 4. St.-Sernin at Toulouse has been called a “pilgrimage” type church. Which of the following accounts for this designation? a. It added perimeter buildings to house pilgrims. b. It attached the ambulatory to the nave. c. It had radiating chapels attached to the transept and ambulatory. d. It narrowed the main aisle to create a dignified progress for viewing the relics. Answer: c 5. The plan of St.-Sernin is extremely regular and geometrically precise. It is based on a module seen in earlier church architecture. Which of the following churches is the prototype for this refined and rational structural approach? a. St. Michael, Hildesheim b. Monastery Church, St. Gall 186
c. Sta. Maria Maggiore, Rome d. St. Cyriakus, Gernode e. Answer: b 6. Which of the following churches was the largest in Europe until the new St. Peter’s in Rome was constructed in the 17 th century? a. Third Church at Cluny (Cluny III) b. St.-Sernin, Toulouse c. Speyer Cathedral d. Sant’Ambrogio, Milan Answer: a 7. Church interiors now became impressive acoustical settings for church services. Which of the following architectural elements allowed for the excellent acoustics? a. the radiating chapels of the ambulatory b. the upper galleries or tribunes along the nave c. the radiating chapels attached to the transepts d. the continuous barrel-vaulted naves Answer: d 8. The one important requirement often missing from these church interiors is light. Which of the following did not allow for interior lighting? a. Barrel-vaults exerted great outward thrust making a clerestory difficult to construct b. Light not considered an important spiritual ingredient for church services c. The massive walls would not support a tribune and clerestory d. It was considered too expensive to fund the construction of a clerestory Answer: a 9. How did 11 th century Romanesque masons construct monumental groin vaults? a.
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