Chapter_16_17_Printable

Chapter_16_17_Printable - Chapter 16 T h e G u id in g L ig...

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1 Chapter 16 The Guiding Light: OSHA Compliance • OSHA inspectors are charged with enforcing workplace laws and regulations. • Workers should expect to go to work each day and return home uninjured and in good health. • Employers who enforce the occupational safety and health rules and safe work procedures are less likely to have themselves or their workers become one of the 6,500 occupational trauma deaths, one of 90,000 occupational illness deaths, or even one of the 6.8 million nonfatal occupational injuries an illnesses that occur each year in the US.
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2 • OSHA and its regulations should not be the driving force that ensures workplace safety and health. • Employers having a good safety and health program an record will reap the benefits. • Usually safety and health are linked to the bottom line (company’s income), which is seldom perceived as humanitarian. The OSHA was created by the act to: • 1. Encourage employers and employee to reduce workplace hazards and to improve safety and health programs or implement new programs. • 2. Provide for research in OSH in order to develop innovative ways of dealing with OSH problems • 3. Establish “separate-but-dependent” responsibilities and rights for employers and employees for the achievement of better safety and health conditions. • 4. Maintain a reporting and recordkeeping system to monitor job-related injuries and illnesses. • 5. Establish training programs to increase the numbers and competence of OSH personnel. • 6. Develop mandatory job safety and health standards and enforce them effectively. • 7. Provide for the development, analysis, evaluation, and approval of state OSH programs.
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3 • The purpose of OSHA is to insure, as much as possible, a healthy and safe workplace free of hazardous conditions for workers in the United States. OSHA Standards • OSHA standards found in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) include: • Construction, maritime, agriculture, the general industry which includes manufacturing, transportation, and public utilities, wholesale and retail, and insurance. • OSHA standards and regulations are for occupational safety and health are found in Title 20 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
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4 Employer seek variance from an OSHA reason: • Employer may not be able to comply with the standard by the effective date. • The employer may not be able to obtain the
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This note was uploaded on 09/25/2011 for the course HSMB 303 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '10 term at SUNY Canton.

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Chapter_16_17_Printable - Chapter 16 T h e G u id in g L ig...

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