Unformatted text preview: noun; P = preposition; S = sentence (or clause); V = Verb. These rules do not constitute the complete set of phrase structure rules for English and are slightly different from those mentioned in the textbook. Parentheses around a constituent indicate optional inclusion. Thus, rule 4, for example, actually abbreviates two alternative rules for NP: NP Det N´ and NP N´. 1. S NP VP 2. VP Aux VP 3. VP V (NP) (PP) (CP) 4. NP (Det) N´ 5. NP NP PP 6. NP Pron 7. N´ (AP) N´ 8. N´ N 9. PP P NP 10. CP Comp S 11. AP (Adv) Adj...
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- Fall '08
- phrase structure rules, NP PP, NP VP