Homework+06

Homework+06 - c. gnat d. game e. sigh f. root Part Three...

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Linguistics 1 Homework #6 Due Monday, November 22 Part One Do exercise #6 from Chapter 11 of the textbook. Part Two For each of the following words, give the most likely pronunciation in Middle English, taking into account sound changes that were known to have occurred and the fact that current spellings often indicate Middle English pronunciations (more or less), and say which of the following sound changes played a role in the development of the current pronunciations. Bear in mind that what we now call “silent e” at the ends of words was pronounced [ ə ] and whenever there was a …VC ə configuration, the V was long (even though the spelling didn’t otherwise show this). A. Great vowel shift. B. Velar fricative deletion ([x] > ) with compensatory lengthening of the preceding vowel. C. Word-final [ ə ] deletion. D. Word-initial consonant cluster simplification. Example: knight was pronounced [knixt]. Sound changes were D, B, and A. a. write b. teeth
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Unformatted text preview: c. gnat d. game e. sigh f. root Part Three Look up the following words in the Oxford English Dictionary and use the information found there to help you explain how they entered the English language and what changes in meaning and pronunciation, if any, occurred. You can access this dictionary under “Electronic Databases” on the UC Davis University Library web site ( http://www.lib.ucdavis.edu/ ). If you are not on campus, you should click on the VPN link on the left side of the page and sign in with your UC Davis ID and password. After locating a word you need to click on the etymology tab to reveal its origin and history. For words in Old English and other languages, Linguistics 1 assume IPA values for the characters, except that c in Latin is [k] and h in Old English is [x]. Also: [c ̌ ] = [ ʧ ]. a. potato (noun) b. laundromat (noun) c. shampoo (verb) d. hoodlum (noun) e. trout (noun) f. nylon (noun) g. ranch (noun)...
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This note was uploaded on 09/25/2011 for the course LIN 001 taught by Professor Rukeyser during the Fall '08 term at UC Davis.

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Homework+06 - c. gnat d. game e. sigh f. root Part Three...

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