Methodology_and_Biology_Sep_2 - The Biopsychosocial Model...

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The Biopsychosocial Model, Methodology, and Systems of the Body 1 September 2, 2004
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The Emergence of Health Psychology The Biopsychosocial Model Methodology Systems of the Body Nervous System Endocrine System Cardiovascular System Respiratory System Overview
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Foundations for Contemporary Health Psychology In ancient times and the middle ages there was a belief that spiritual disturbances caused disease. The development of early Greek Medicine and the advent of the Renaissance brought about a focus on physical causes for disease. Scientific advances in microscopy and human anatomy further advanced medicine. The Emergence of Health Psychology
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Foundations for Contemporary Health Psychology Psychoanalytic case studies revealed how anxiety and unconscious personality conflicts can manifest as physical symptoms. The study of psychosomatic medicine focused on disease- prone personality types. The contemporary view focuses on the balance between physical and mental well-being in the context of the social environment. The Emergence of Health Psychology
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Cause of Death Deaths Percent of Total Deaths Diseases of the heart 710,760 29.6 Malignant Neoplasms 553,091 23.0 Cerebrovascular Diseases 167,661 7.0 CLRD 122,009 5.1 Accidents (unintentional injuries) 97,900 4.1 Diabetes 69,301 2.9 Influenza & Pneumonia 65,313 2.7 Alzheimer’s Disease 49,558 2.1 Kidney Disease 37,251 1.5 Septicemia 31,224 1.3 Total 2,403,351 100.0 U.S. Ten Leading Causes of Death (NVSR, 50(16),2002)
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The Modern Problem Patterns of illness are changing. People are less likely to die from acute disorders and communicable disease (with the exception of AIDS). People are living longer with chronic diseases Chronic diseases : Generally can be managed, not cured Related to health behaviors and compliance with medical regimen Living with chronic diseases has social and psychological consequences The Emergence of Health Psychology
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Technological Advances Genetic counseling Coping with potential health risks Patient counseling regarding life-sustaining measures Research in health psychology identifies risk-factors The Emergence of Health Psychology
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Health Care Services Health care is the largest service industry in the United States. Prevention can reduce health care costs.
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