Chapter 11 - CHAPTER 11 Interest Groups OBJECTIVES The...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CHAPTER 11 Interest Groups OBJECTIVES The purpose of this chapter is to survey the wide variety of interest groups that operate in the United States and to assess their impact on the political system. After reading and reviewing the material in this chapter, the student should be able to do each of the following: 1. Explain why the characteristics of United States society and government encourage a multiplicity of interest groups. 2. Indicate the historical conditions under which interest groups are likely to form and specify the kinds of organizations Americans are most likely to join. 3. Describe relations between leaders and rank-and-file members of groups, including why members’ priorities may not determine the leaders’ actions. 4. Describe several methods that interest groups use to formulate and carry out their political objectives, especially the lobbying techniques they use to gain public support. 5. List the laws regulating conflict of interest, and describe the problems involved with revolving-door government employment. Describe the balance between the First Amendment’s freedom of expression and the need to prevent corruption in the political system. OVERVIEW Interest groups in the United States are more numerous and more fragmented than those in nations such as Great Britain, where the political system is more centralized. The goals and tactics of interest groups reflect not only the interests of their members but also the size of the groups, the incentives with which they attract supporters, and the role of their professional staffs. Because of the difficulty of organizing large numbers of people, a group purporting to speak for mass constituencies will often have to provide material benefits to members or acquire an affluent sponsor. The chief source of interest group influence is information; public support, money, and the ability to create “trouble” are also important. The right to lobby is protected by the Constitution, but tax and campaign-finance laws impose significant restrictions on how interest groups may spend money. CHAPTER OUTLINE WITH KEYED-IN RESOURCES I. Introduction A.Factors that promote the establishment of interest groups in the U. S. 1. Size and diversity of the country 2. Decentralizing effects of Constitution 3. Vast numbers of nonprofit organizations 4. The increasing weakening of political parties 5. Great variety of ethnic groups 6. More than seventy religious organizations 7. Power is shared among three branches of government 8. Federal system recognizes the independence and power of the states B. The First Amendment protects the right of lobbyists to freedom of speech and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/24/2011 for the course MATHE 32341 taught by Professor Mac during the Spring '11 term at Delaware Tech.

Page1 / 13

Chapter 11 - CHAPTER 11 Interest Groups OBJECTIVES The...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online