A Thumbnail Sketch of Ancient Greek and Roman History Greek Archaic Period (750-500 BC)- This period saw the beginnings of democracy in the area that came to be Greece, and advanced in culture and art. Its pottery and sculpture show Egyptian influence. Greek Classical Period (500-336 BC)–The Greeks begin to come into conflict with the powerful kingdom of Persia to the east. This conflict began with the defeat of the Persians by the Greeks at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC. Alexander the Great finally defeated the remaining elements of Persia more than 150 years later in 336 BC. During this period the Hellenic culture (“Hellas”:Greece) of classical Greece reached its greatest political and cultural heights: the full development of the democratic system of government under the Athenian statesman Pericles, the building of the Parthenon on the Acropolis, the plays of Sophocles, Aeschylus and Euripides, and the philosophical schools of Socrates and Plato. Greek Hellenistic Period (336-146 BC) –This is the period between the conquest of the Persian Empire by Alexander the Great in 336 BC and the point at which Rome took control of this area. It is called
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