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Unformatted text preview: profoundly it will influence future world affairs because of the Great War. Often it disguises itself
as justice, the principle of the thing, in those who will not admit revenge as a motive; and the eclipsed and
beaten take revenge in slander, innuendo and double-edged praise. To some revenge is a devil to be fought out
of their hearts; to others it is a god that guides every act. We may define nobility of character as the
withdrawal from revenge as a motive and the substitution for it of justice.
Some hatred expresses itself openly and fearlessly and as such gains some respect, even from its own object.
Other hatred plots and schemes, the intelligence lends itself to the plans completely and the whole personality
suffers in consequence. Some hatred, weak and without self-confidence, or seeking the effect of surprise, is
hypocritical, dissimulates, affects friendly feeling, rubs its hands over insults and awaits the opportune
moment. This type is associated in all minds with a feeling of disgust, for at bottom we rather admire the
We have spoken of these three specialized and directed outgrowths of excitement, interest, love and hatred as
if they were primarily directed to the outside world, though in a previous chapter we discussed the
introspective interest. What shall we call the love and hatred a man has for himself? Is the self-regarding
sentiment any different than the sentiment of love for others? Is that hate and disgust we feel for ourselves, or
for some action or thought, different from the hate and disgust we have for others?
Judged by Shand's dicta that anger and fear are aroused if the object of love is threatened, joy is aroused as it
prospers, and sorrow if it is deeply injured or lost, self-love remarkably resembles other-love. The pride we
take in our own achievements is unalloyed by jealousy, and there is always a trace of jealousy in the pride we
take in the achievements of others, but there is no difference in the pride itself. There is no essential difference
in the "good" we seek for ourselves and in the good we seek for others, for what we seek will depend on our
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 110 taught by Professor Kannan during the Spring '11 term at Anna University Chennai - Regional Office, Coimbatore.
- Spring '11