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Unformatted text preview: , and since the
practical usually control the power of the world, the theorists and explainers have had rather a hard time of it,
though they are slowly coming into their own.
Another difference between minds is this: that intelligence deals with the relations between things (this being
a prime function of speech), and intelligence only becomes intellect when it is able to see the world from the
standpoint of abstract ideas, such as truth, beauty, love, honor, goodness, evil, justice, race, individual, etc.
The wider one can generalize correctly, the higher the intellect. The practical man rarely seeks wide
generalizations because the truth of these and their value can only be demonstrated through the course of long
periods of time, during which no good to the individual himself is seen. Besides which, the practical man
knows that the wide generalization may be an error. Practical aims are usually immediate aims, whereas the
aims of intellect are essentially remote and may project beyond the life of the thinker himself.
We speak of people as original or as the reverse, with the understanding that originality is the basis of the
world's progress. To be original in thought is to add new relationships to those already accepted, or to
substitute new ones for the old. The original person is not easily credulous; he applies to traditional teaching
and procedure the acid test of results. Thus the astronomers who rejected the theological idea that the earth
was the center of the universe observed that eclipses could not be explained on such a basis, and Harvey, as he
dissected bullocks' hearts and tied tourniquets around his arms, could not believe that Galen's teaching on CHAPTER VI. 51 circulation fitted what he saw of the veins and valves of his arm. The original observer refuses to slide over
stubborn facts; authority has less influence with him than has an apple dropping downward. In another way
the original thinker is constantly taking apart his experiences and readjusting the pieces into new
combinations of beauty, usefulness...
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 110 taught by Professor Kannan during the Spring '11 term at Anna University.
- Spring '11