Unformatted text preview: se as in the home of the Orthodox Jew. His descendant is clean-shaven and no longer
observes (or observes only perfunctorily or with many a gross inconsistency) the dietary and household laws.
He is a free spender and luxurious in his habits as compared with his economical, ascetic forefathers. He
marries late and the birth rate drops with most astonishing rapidity, so that in one generation the children of
parents who had eight or ten children have families of one or two or three children. He becomes a follower of
sports, and with his love for scholarship still strong, as witness his production of scholars and scientists, the CHAPTER II. 19 remarkable rise of the Jewish prize fighter stands out as a divergence from tradition that mocks at theories of
inborn racial characters. And a third generation differs in customs, manners, ideals, purposes and physique but
little from the social class of Americans in which the individual members move. The names become
Anglicized; gone are the Abrahams and Isaacs and Jacobs, the Rachels and Leahs and Rebeccas, and in their
place are Vernon, Mortimer, Winthrop, Alice, Helen and Elizabeth. And this change in name symbolizes the
revolution in essential characters.
Has the racial stock changed in one generation or two? No. A new social heredity has overcome--or at least in
part supplanted--an older social heredity and released and developed characters hitherto held in check. In
every human being--and this is a theme we shall enlarge upon later--there are potential lines of development
far outnumbering those that can be manifested, and each environment and tradition calls forth some and
suppresses others. Every man is a garden planted with all kinds of seeds; tradition and teaching are the
gardeners that allow only certain ones to come to bloom. In each age, each country and each family there is a
different gardener at work, repressing certain trends in the individual, favoring and bringing to an exaggerated
growth other trends.
That each family, or type of family, acts in this way is recognized in the value given to the home life....
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 110 taught by Professor Kannan during the Spring '11 term at Anna University Chennai - Regional Office, Coimbatore.
- Spring '11