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Unformatted text preview: h desire and temptation has been the greatest of man's struggles.
Internal warfare between opposing purposes and desires may proceed to a disruption of the personality, to
failure and unhappiness, or else to a solidified personality, efficient, single-minded and successful. Freud's
work has directed our attention to the thousand and one aberrant desires that we will hardly acknowledge to
ourselves, and he has forced the professional worker in abnormal and normal mental life to disregard his own
prejudices, to strip away the camouflage that we put over our motives and our struggles. Together with Jung
and Bleuler, he has helped our science of character a great deal through no other method than by arousing it to
action against him. In order to fight him, our thought has been forced to arm itself with the weapons that he
has used. CHAPTER VI.
EMOTION, INSTINCT, INTELLIGENCE AND WILL
In a preceding chapter we discussed man as an organism reacting against an outside world and spurred on by
internal activities and needs. We discussed stimulation, reflexes, inhibition, choice and the organizing activity,
memory and habit, consciousness and subconsciousness, all of which are primary activities of the organism. CHAPTER VI. 45 But these are mere theories of function, for the activities we are interested in reside in more definite reactions,
of which the foregoing are parts.
We see a dreaded object on the horizon or foresee a calamity,--and we fear. That state of the organism (note I
do not say that STATE OF MIND) resulting from the vision is an emotion. We fly at once, we hide, and the
action is in obedience to an instinct. But ordinarily we do not fly or hide haphazard; we think of ways and
means, if only in a rudimentary fashion; we shape plans, perhaps as we fly; we pick up a stick on the run,
hoping to escape but preparing for the reaction of fight if cornered. "What shall I do--what shall I do? finds no
conscious answer if the emotion is overwhelming or the instinctive flight a pell-mell affair; but ordinarily
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 110 taught by Professor Kannan during the Spring '11 term at Anna University Chennai - Regional Office, Coimbatore.
- Spring '11