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Unformatted text preview: in the blood vessels and bodily structures they control and in the glands of
internal secretion,--changes which include the blush or the pallor, the rapid heartbeat, the quickened or
labored breathing, the changes in the digestive tract which include the vomiting of disgust and the diarrhoea of
fear; the changes that passion brings in the male and the female and many other alterations to be discussed
again. Third, there is then the feeling of these coenaesthetic changes,--a feeling of pleasantness,
unpleasantness mingled with the basic feeling of excitement, and from then on that situation is linked in
memory with the feeling that we usually call the emotion but which is only a part of it. Nevertheless, it
becomes the part longed for or thereafter avoided; it is the value of the emotion to us, as conscious
personalities, although it may be a false, disastrous, dangerous value. Excitement is the generalized mood
change that results in consciousness in consequence of the vaso-visceral-motor changes of emotion; it is
therefore based on bodily changes as is the feeling, pleasant or unpleasant, that also occurs. William James
said that we laugh and are therefore happy; we weep and are therefore sad; the bodily changes are primary and
the feeling secondary. We do not accept this dictum entirely, but we say that the organism reacts in a
complicated way and that the feeling--sadness, disgust, anger, joy--springs from the memories and past
experiences aroused by a situation as well as from the widespread bodily excitement also so aroused. For the
neurologist both the cerebral and the sympathetic- endocrinal components of emotion are important.
For the moment we turn to instinct and instinctive reactions.
2. Man has always wondered that things can be known without teaching. So slow and painful is the process of
mastering a technique, whether of handicraftsmanship or of art, so imbued are we with the need of education
for the acquirement of knowledge, that we are taken aback by the realization that all around us are creatur...
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 110 taught by Professor Kannan during the Spring '11 term at Anna University Chennai - Regional Office, Coimbatore.
- Spring '11