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Unformatted text preview: es, hormones, and endocrines engage in an extraordinary game of checks and balance, which in the
normal course of events make for the individual's welfare. What a man thinks, does, and feels influences the
fate of his organism from one end of life to the other.
We have not adduced in favor of the organic nature of mind, character and personality the facts of heredity.
This is a most important set of facts, for if the egg and the sperm carry mentality and personality, they may be
presumed to carry them in some organic form, as organic potentialities, just as they carry size, color, sex,
etc. That abnormal mind is inherited is shown in family insanity in the second, third and fourth generation
cases of mental disease. Certain types of feeble-mindedness surely are transmitted from generation to
generation, as witness the case of the famous (or infamous) Jukes family. In this group vagabondage, crime,
immorality and other character abnormalities appeared linked with the feeble-mindedness. But there is plenty
of evidence to show that normal character qualities are inherited as well as the abnormal. Galton, the father
of eugenics, collected facts from the history of successful families to prove this. It is true that he failed to take
into account the facts of SOCIAL heredity, in that a gifted man establishes a place for himself and a tradition
for his family that is of great help to his son. Nevertheless, musical ability runs in families and races, as does
athletic ability, high temper, passion, etc. In short, at least the potentialities, the capacities for character, are
transmitted together with other qualities as part of the capital of heredity.
 I have collected and published from the records and wards of the State Hospital at Taunton, Mass., many
such cases. The whole subject is to be reviewed in a following book on the transmission of mental disease, but
no one seriously doubts that there is a transference of "insane" character from generation to gener...
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- Spring '11