Unformatted text preview: ng of as many pathways to that fact as possible, and this means deliberately to associate
the fact by sound, by speech and by action. The advertised schemes of memory training are simply association
schemes, old as the hills, and having value indeed, but too much is claimed for them. A splendid memory is
born, not made; but any memory, except where disease has entered, can be improved by training.
It is because lectures on the whole do not supply enough associations or arouse enough interest that the lecture
is the poorest method of teaching or learning. Man's mind sticks easily to things, but with difficulty to words
about things. To maintain attention for an hour or so, while sitting, is a task, and there develops a tendency
either to a hypnoidal state in which the mind follows uncritically, or to a restless uneasiness with wandering
mind and fatigue of body. A demonstration, on the other hand, a laboratory experiment with short, personal
instruction, a bodily contact with the problem calls into play interest, enthusiasm, curiosity, motor images, the
use of the hands, and is THE method of teaching.
There are at present excellent psychological methods of testing out the memory capacity. Every one engaged
in any responsible work, or troubled about his memory, should be so tested. While there are other qualities of
mind of great importance, memory is basic, and no one can really understand himself who is in doubt about
his memory. In such diseases as neurasthenia one of the commonest complaints is the "loss of memory,"
which greatly troubles the patient. As a matter of fact, what is impaired is interest and attention, and when the
patient realizes this he is usually quite relieved. The man who has a poor memory may become very
successful if he develops systems of recording, filing, indexing, but his possibilities of knowledge are greatly
reduced by his defect.
 It is the growth of the subject matter of knowledge that makes necessary the elaborate systems of indexing,
etc., now so important. It is as much as man can do to follow the places...
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 110 taught by Professor Kannan during the Spring '11 term at Anna University Chennai - Regional Office, Coimbatore.
- Spring '11