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Unformatted text preview: l inclinations and dreads.
7. The majority of people are influenced mainly by the group with which they have cast their positions, the
blame of others being relatively unimportant or arousing anger. For there is this great difference between our
reactions to praise and blame: that while the praise of almost any one and for almost any quality is welcome,
the blame of only a few is taken "well," and for the rest there is anger, contempt or defiance. The influence of
blame varies with the respect, love and especially acknowledged superiority of the blamer. The "boss" has a
right to blame and so has father or mother while we are children, but we resent bitterly the blame of a fellow
employee; "he has no right to blame," and we rebel against the blame of our parents when we grow up. In fact,
the war of the old and new generations starts with the criticism of the elder folk and the resentment of the
It will be seen that reaction to praise and blame, etc., will depend upon the irritability of ego feeling, the love
of superiority and the dislike for inferiority. This basic situation we must defer discussing, but what is of
importance is that the primitive disciplinary weapons we have discussed never lose their cardinal value and
remain throughout life and in all societies the prime modes of thought and conduct.
In similar fashion the conscience types might be depicted. From the over-conscientious who rigidly hold
themselves to an ideal, who watch every departure from perfection with agony and self-reproach, and who
may either reach the highest level or "break down" and become inefficient to the almost conscienceless group,
doing only what seems more profitable, are many intermediate types merging one with the other.
There are people whose conscience is localized, as the self-sacrificing father who is a pirate in business, or as CHAPTER III. 26 the policeman who holds rigidly to conscience in courage and loyalty to his fello...
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- Spring '11