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home, because of its sequestration, allows for the growth of individual types better than would a community
house where the same traditions and ideals governed the life of each child. In the home the parents seek to
cultivate the specific type of character they favor. The home is par excellence the place where prejudice and
social attitude are fostered. Though the mother and father seek to give broadmindedness and wide culture to
the child, their efforts must largely be governed by their own attitudes and reactions,--in short, by their own
character and the resultant examples and teaching. It is true that the native character of the child may make
him resistant to the teachings of the parents or may even develop counter-prejudices, to react violently against
the gardening. This is the case when the child is of an opposing temperament or when in the course of time he
falls under the influence of ideals and traditions that are opposed to those of his home. Unless the home
combines interest and freedom, together with teaching, certain children become violent rebels, and, seeking
freedom and interest outside of the home, find themselves in a conflict, both with their home teaching and the
home teachers, that shakes the unity and the happiness of parent and child. Like all civil wars this war
between new and old generations reaches great bitterness.
In studying the cases of several hundred delinquent girls, as a consultant to the Parole Department of
Massachusetts, it was found that the family life of the girls could be classified in two ways. The majority of
the girls that reached the Reformatory came from bad homes,--homes in which drunkenness, prostitution,
feeble-mindedness, and insanity were common traits of the parents. Or else the girls were orphans brought up
by a stepmother or some careless foster mother. In any case, through either example, cruelty or neglect, they
drifted into the streets.
And the streets! Only the poor child (or the child brought up over strictly) can know the lure of the streets.
THERE is excitement, THERE is freedom from prohibi...
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- Spring '11