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Unformatted text preview: the kind of habits that are easily formed by the individual
and the kind that are not. Habits fall into groups such as these:
1. Relating to care of the body: cleanliness, diet, exercise, bowel function, sleep. Here we learn about personal
tidiness or the reverse, foppery, dandyism, gluttony, asceticism, etc.
2. Relating to method, efficiency, neatness in work: some people find it almost impossible to become
methodical or neat; others become obsessed by these qualities to the exclusion of mobility.
3. Relating to the pursuit of pleasure: type of pleasure sought, time given to it, hobbies.
4. Relating to special habits: alcohol, tobacco, drugs, sex perversions.
5. Relating to study and advancement: love of books, attendance at lectures.
Especially in the study of children is some such scheme essential, for then one gets a definite idea of their
defects and takes definite efforts to make habitual the desired practice, or else one sees the special trend, and,
if it is good, fosters it. This, of course, is the long and short of character development. CHAPTER IV.
STIMULATION, INHIBITION, ORGANIZING ENERGY, CHOICE AND CONSCIOUSNESS
There are three fundamental factors in the relation of any organism to the environment and in the relation of
the various parts of an organism to each other which we must now consider. To consider a living thing of any
kind as something separate from the stimuli the world streams in on it, or to consider it as a real unit, is a
mistake that falsifies most of the thinking of the world.
On us, as living things, the universe pours in stimuli of a few kinds. Or rather there are few kinds of stimuli
we are specialized to receive and react to; there may be innumerable other kinds to which we cannot react
because they do not reach us. The world for us is a collection of things that we see, hear, smell, taste and feel,
but there may be vast reaches of things for which we have no avenues of approach,--completely unimaginable
things because our images are built upon our senses. CHAPTER...
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 110 taught by Professor Kannan during the Spring '11 term at Anna University Chennai - Regional Office, Coimbatore.
- Spring '11