Fundamentals of Psychology - Fundamentals of Psychology...

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Fundamentals of Fundamentals of Psychology Psychology
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What is Psychology ? What is Psychology ? Comprises of two Greek words – “Psyche” and “Logos” Psyche – ‘the Soul’ Logos – ‘Study of’ Early Definition - “study of mental activity” Bio-Social Science
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DEFINITION DEFINITION animals) and mental processes.
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AIM OF PSYCHOLOGY AIM OF PSYCHOLOGY To understand, predict and control behaviour. i.e to find out how and why of the behaviour, exploring the various causes of the particular behaviour. To predict or foretell the occurrence of a behaviour. To control the occurrence of behaviours using psychological treatment.
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Predict what will happen Systematically observe events Do events support predictions Life Before Psychology Life Before Psychology René Descartes (1596-1650) Philosophy asks questions about the mind: Does perception accurately reflect reality? How is sensation turned into perception? Problem - No “scientific” way of studying problems Physiology asks similar questions about the mind SCIENTIFIC METHOD
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Psychology Is Born Psychology Is Born Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) First Experimental Psych Lab (1879) First Experimental Psych Lab (1879) Focuses on the scientific study of the mind. WW insists that Psych methods be as rigorous University of Leipzig Harvard University Yale University Columbia University Catholic University Univ of Pennsylvania Cornell University Stanford University Wundt’s students start labs across USA (1880-1900)
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Psychology (pre-1920) Psychology (pre-1920) Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) Founder of Psychology as a Science Experiments Edward Titchner (1867-1927) Student of Wundt Formed Ψ at Cornell Introspection William James (1842-1910) Formed Ψ at Harvard Psychology Understanding Mental Processes
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Structuralism Structuralism Structuralism was concerned with identifying the units of conscious experience. 1879: Wundt founds psychology’s first laboratory at Leipzig Titchener subdivided consciousness into physical sensations, feelings, and images
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Functionalism Functionalism Functionalism was concerned with the ongoing use of conscious experience. James argued that consciousness cannot be broken into elements. coined the phrase “stream of consciousness”
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Structuralism vs Functionalism Structuralism vs Functionalism William James (1842-1910) Analyze consciousness into basic elements and study how they are related Introspection - self-observation of one’s own conscious experiences Investigate the function, or purpose of consciousness rather than its structure Leaned toward applied work (natural surroundings) Structuralism Structuralism Functionalism Functionalism Wilhelm Wundt
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Psychology (1920s-1960s) Psychology (1920s-1960s) John B. Watson (1878-1958) Behavior without Reference to Thought
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 110 taught by Professor Kannan during the Spring '11 term at Anna University Chennai - Regional Office, Coimbatore.

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Fundamentals of Psychology - Fundamentals of Psychology...

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