Units 1-5 - Unit 1: Psychological Skills Training I. II....

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Unit 1: Psychological Skills Training I. Introduction II. Myths III. Sport Psychology Research IV. Terry Orlick’s Wheel of Excellence V. The Peak Performance Experience VI. Assumptions about Psychological Skills Training VII. Reciprocal Determinism VIII. Useful Metaphors IX. Mental Training as Life Skills
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Terry Orlick’s Wheel of Excellence A. Focus B. Commitment D. Positive Images E. Ongoing Learning F. Distraction Control G. Mental Readiness
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Self-Efficacy An expectancy concerning one’s ability to successfully engage in the behaviors that are required for goal attainment in a given situation or performance domain In other words… Belief in your capacity to do what is necessary to reach your goal. Belief that you have the ability to achieve your goal.
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Two Ways of Viewing Intelligence Intelligence is static Fixed mindset or entity theory Whatever you have is what you have Intelligence is acquired Growth mindset or incremental theory What you have is a product of what you have developed along the way
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Examples of the Fixed Mindset "Imagination, creativity, and belief. You either have them or you don't." Royal Bank of Scotland "Challenge doesn't create character, it reveals it." Oppenheimer Funds
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Blackwell, Tresniewski, & Dweck (2007) Participants: Students entering Jr. High Variables measured Mindset (fixed versus growth) Motivational variables: learning (versus outcome goals), beliefs about effort, helpless attitudes Math grades
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Study 1 Results Mindset was significantly correlated with 7 th th grade math grades Students who endorsed the growth mindset were more likely to: Pay more attention to learning as a goal Believe that effort is necessary and effective in achievement
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Study 1 Results (Continued) Students with learning goals and positive attitudes about effort: Made fewer ability based attributions for setbacks (e.g., “I failed because I’m stupid”) These motivational differences appeared to contribute to better performance in math
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Study 2 Results Manipulate mindset Intervention: Eight 25-minute sessions with the kids (experimental and control groups) Both groups: sessions on brain basics and study skills Experimental group: sessions on how learning changes the brain (control group sessions on memory and academics)
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Study 2 Results (Continued) Same correlations between mindset and motivational factors were found Those in the growth mindset group showed a change in math grades
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Dweck Study with 5 th Graders Had students solve relatively straight- forward puzzles from an IQ test After successful completion, students received one of two types of praise: Intelligence group: “You must be smart at this.” Effort group: “You must have worked very hard.”
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Dweck Study with 5 th Graders (Continued) When given the choice to try a harder puzzle that they would “learn a lot from attempting”
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 110 taught by Professor Kannan during the Spring '11 term at Anna University Chennai - Regional Office, Coimbatore.

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Units 1-5 - Unit 1: Psychological Skills Training I. II....

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