2008111222449569 - Unit 3 Unit Human Resources Management(I...

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Lead-in Effective Human resources management is essential for the success of organizations. For the whole 20th century, people had been studying ways to improve management. A number of theories were put forth at that time among which Maslow’s and McGregor’s theories were greatly grounded in modern human resources management. After studying this unit, you will be able to: Understand Maslow’s and McGregor’s theories. Discuss the relationship between human needs and human resources management. Explain why McGregor’s Y Theory is still stressed by modern organizations.
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Text A Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs 1. Abraham Maslow 2. Human Needs 3. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs 4. Maslow’s Points 5. Exceptions out of Maslow’s Theory 6. Maslow’s Notice 7. What do managers learn from Maslow’s throey? 8. Managers’ Goals
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Abraham Maslow Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Abraham Maslow was born in 1908 and died in1970. He was a famous American psychologist. His famous theory --- Hierarchy of Human Needs --- has contributed much to understanding human relations and management.
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Human Needs According to Maslow, human needs are of two aspects: 1. basic needs a. physiological satisfaction, such as food, water, and sleep; and b. psychological satisfaction such as love, safety, and self-esteem. 2. higher needs also called meta needs or being needs (i.e. growth needs ) which consist of fairness, kindness, beauty, order, and unity. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs 1. Physiological needs – wishing for food, water, housing, sleep, etc. 2. Safety – feeling free from immediate danger. 3. Love – expecting for love and being loved. 4. Self-esteem – taking pride of oneself with self-respect. 5. Self-actualization – understanding and fulfilling oneself. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
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1. A person would want and be forever struggling to meet various needs. 2. Lower level needs are more direct and important. If they are not satisfied, they will come to play as the source and direction of a person’s goals. 3. A need higher in the hierarchy will likely become the purpose of one’s behavior. 4. Knowing what level a person is located on helps him settle on a clear motivation. Maslow’s Hierarchy of
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 110 taught by Professor Kannan during the Spring '11 term at Anna University Chennai - Regional Office, Coimbatore.

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2008111222449569 - Unit 3 Unit Human Resources Management(I...

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