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Week 4&5 Study Guide

Week 4&5 Study Guide - Weeks 4 5 Study Questions 1...

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Weeks 4 & 5- Study Questions 1. How does the “Boyhood and Organized Sports” article support the arguments made in the “Masculinity as Homophobia” article? The Boyhood article supports the arguments made in the Masculinity article because they both discuss the conflict of how men look at their peers and how their peers view them. The Boyhood article points out that men have this type of view early on in life, when they play sports. This point helps support the arguments made in the Masculinity article because when boys play sports they learn they must suppress their emotions as well as gaining the approval of other boys through beating them at the sport or doing better than them; winning. Sports are able to solidify masculinity. Through their coaching, there is a disapproval of showing emotions or weakness. Showing signs of emotions is not seen as masculine. To get approval from their fellow men, they must be a part of this homophobic group. Showing emotions is feminine and therefore they must be against that. Name and Describe: 2. 5 arguments for sex as biological; Sex: an individual’s membership in one of two biologically distinct categories—male or female Genitalia: Any organ involved in sexual reproduction. Hormones: Estrogen and androgen. Testosterone. Physical Strength: Men are naturally stronger than woman. Brain architecture: Men are rational, and women are irrational. Men are guided by reason, women are guided by emotion. Sex Chromosomes: Xx and xy. Natural differences between men and women. 4 types of sexual orientation. Sexual orientation: degree of emotional and erotic attraction to members of the same sex, opposite sex, or both sexes Heterosexual: someone attracted to members of the opposite sex Homosexual: someone attracted to members of the same sex Bisexual: someone attracted to males and females Asexual: someone without sexual desire or interest Define and describe emphasized femininity and hegemonic masculinity. Emphasized Femininity: the dominant model of femininity which is organized around compliance with gender inequality, and is oriented toward accommodating the interests and desires of men. Emphasized femininity emphasizes sociability, rather than competence, it also stresses to empathize with others and to be nurturing to others. In addition, it is the construction of the fragile women and to be attractive towards males. Femininity also implies complying with the gender inequality that to be feminine one must be passive and fragile; always needing a man to protect them.
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