Weeks+5+_+6-+Study+Questions - Weeks 5 & 6- Study Questions...

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Weeks 5 & 6- Study Questions Define income and wealth. Income: money received by a person for work or from returns on investments Wealth: a family's or individual's net worth Name and describe: 4 standards of equality. Ontological Equality: the notion that everyone is created equal in the eyes of God. Equality of Opportunity: the idea that inequality of condition is acceptable so long as the rules of the game, so to speak, remain fair Equality of Condition: the idea that everyone should have an equal starting part Equality of Outcome: a position that argues each player must end up with the same amount regardless of the fairness of the “game” 5 forms of stratification. Estate System: politically based system of stratification characterized by limited social mobility Slavery, small limited chance for people to move up. Case System: religious-based system of stratification characterized by no social mobility. Indian caste system—once you’re born in it, you can’t get out of it. Pushed into a particular location. Glorified past, has more of an impact on society. Worker in past will be workers in future. Class System: economically based system of stratification characterized by relative categorization and somewhat loose social mobility. Capitalism. The methods of stratification is who has money. Who can invest, who cannot. Who is in debt and take out loans. Centered around money. There is relative ability for mobility. That idea in America is glorified. Usually the exception, not the rule. Status Hierarchy System: a system of stratification based on social prestige Occur within other systems. We do have particular professions and occupations that may not be given money. Teachers and professors are looked up to by society as people with high status; but sports players make more money. Elite-Mass Dichotomy System: system of stratification that has a governing elite, a few leaders who broadly hold the power of society. Positive and negative views about inequality also pos. and neg. views of elite mass dichotomy. People know what they are doing. A positive; people know what they are doing. Hands within a few, that is the way it should be. Some people power in the hands of few can be problematic.
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Discussions being made can be challenged. Same people holding positions in different spheres who have control of the system. A lot of these people are rich and tend to know each other. 5 predictors of poverty Education [those that get it are less likely] Age [young people, elderly, children] Racial and/or ethnic identities [mainly Latinos and blacks] Geographical location [rural areas in the south; urban areas, inner cities; suburbs] Sex = feminization of poverty [women most likely; charging women more for stuff than men, ex. cars] 6 uses of poverty provided by Gans. “dirty work”
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 1 taught by Professor Mccoy during the Spring '11 term at UC Davis.

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Weeks+5+_+6-+Study+Questions - Weeks 5 & 6- Study Questions...

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