GOV310L Midterm #1 Review

GOV310L Midterm #1 Review - 1. 3/5th compromise Compromise...

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1. 3/5 th compromise – Compromise that allowed the South to count the slave population as 3/5 of a person for purposes of taxation and representation in the House of Representatives. 2. Amendment Process and Use - 3. Anti-Federalist – Opponents of the Constitution during the fight over ratification; believed in small-scale republicanism; George Mason, Richard Henry Lee, Patrick Henry. 4. Articles of Confederation – The 1 st constitution of the U.S., adopted during the last stages of the Revolutionary War, created a system of government with most power lodged in the states and little in the central government. 5. bicameralism – As applied to a legislative body, consisting of two houses or chambers. 6. Bill of Rights – The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, concerned with basic liberties. 7. Block grants – Federal grants to the states to be used for general activities. 8. Blue collar - Member of the working class who performs manual labor and earns an hourly wage; uniforms. 9. Capitalism – An economic system based on private ownership and the existence of markets to coordinate most economic activity. 10. Categorical grants – Federal aid to states and localities clearly specifying what the money can be used for. 11. Checks and balances – The constitutional principle that government power shall be divided and that the fragments should balance or check one another to prevent tyranny. 12. Civil War Amendments – The 13 th , 14 th and 15 th Amendments to the Constitution adopted immediately after the Civil War. 13. Classical Liberalism – Set of ideas about individualism, limited gov’t and free market: 1 Elevates and empowers the individual over religious, hereditary or governmental authority (stresses individual freedom). 2 Emerged as medieval through disintegrated in religious wars of 17 th century. C. Wanted people to make political and religious choices for themselves. 14. Competitive Individualism – Belief that one’s fate is in one’s own hands, rather than impersonal social and economic forces beyond one’s own control; one’s fortunes are tied to one’s own efforts; “you get what you deserve.” 15. Concurrent power - Powers held by both the states and the federal government and may be exercised simultaneously within the same territory and in relation to the same body of citizens. 16. Confederation – A loose association of states or territorial units formed for a common purpose or in which very little power is lodged in the central government. 17. Connecticut Compromise – i.e. the Great Compromise ; the compromise between the NJ and VA plans formulated by the Connecticut delegates at the Constitutional Convention; called for a lower legislative house based on population size and an upper
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house based on equal representation of the states. 18.
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GOV310L Midterm #1 Review - 1. 3/5th compromise Compromise...

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