suggested topic list, you should check with the professor to
ensure the topic is suitable for your specific assignment.
Eye contact is very important. Making eye contact shows you
know your speech and care about your audience. Look down at
your notes, see what you want to say, then look up and speak
to your audience. When that thought is conveyed, look down at
your notes again, determine what you need to say next, then
You should be looking up from your notes at least
80% of the time
Stand behind the podium if you have your notes on a podium. Do
not hold on to the podium or drape yourself over it. You
should have your arms at your sides, but frequently gesture to
add emphasis and animation. If you really know one section,
stand to the side of or in front of the podium at that point,
to let the audience know you are well prepared.
Occasionally, stand in front of a podium, holding your notes
in one hand. Normally, you should hold your notes in one hand
or place them on a podium, so that you have at least one hand
free to gesture during a speech. Occasionally, you may want to
put your notes down (if you know a part of the speech well),
so that both
hands are free to gesture.
You should dress comfortably for the speech. Some speakers may
want to dress more formally (as the text notes, people tend to
equate dressing well with status and ability, whether those
players) unless you
re in costume (playing a role). Chewing
gum is always a good idea (it makes other speakers look better
by comparison and builds their confidence). Seriously, don
chew gum while speaking.
Project your voice, articulating words clearly. You should
than you think is necessary to be heard in the back of
the room. Your pace should be unhurried, but lively. Varying