GOV310L Test #2 Review Sheet

GOV310L Test #2 Review Sheet - 1 Amicus curiae – “a...

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1. Amicus curiae – “a friend of the court”; describes a brief in which individuals not party to a suit may have their views heard. 2. Appellate jurisdiction/courts – Courts that hear cases on appeal from other courts. 3. Basic Criteria for President – 35 yrs. old, lived in the U.S. for 14 yrs., natural born citizen 4. Basic Duties of Congress – Representation, law making, consensus building, overseeing the bureaucracy, policy clarification, investigating the operation of government agencies. 5. Bureaucrats (and what they do) – Implement, regulate and make rules, execute law 6. Bureaucracy – A large, complex organization characterized by a hierarchical set of offices, each with a specific task, controlled through a clear chain of command, and where appointment and advancement of personnel is based on merit. 7. Cabinet – No Constitutional requirement; created by Congress w/ specific legal req.; advise president on policy. 8. Casework – Services performed by members of Congress for constituents. 9. Censure - a procedure for publicly reprimanding a public official for inappropriate behavior; no effect on the validity of presidency, unlike impeachment. 10. Chief of staff – A top adviser to the president who also manages the White House staff. 11. Circuit courts – The 12 geographical jurisdictions and one special court that hear appeals from the federal district courts. 12. Civil servants – Government workers employed under the merit system, not political appointees. 13. Civil service – Federal government jobs held by civilian employees, excluding political appointees. 14. Class action suit – A suit brought on behalf of a group of people who are in a situation similar to that of the plaintiffs. 15. Cloture – A vote to end a filibuster or a debate; requires the votes of 3/5 of the membership of the Senate. 16. Committee System – Most of the work of Congress take place here. Allow Congress to process huge flow of business; “filters” bills so that only small portion will be looked at by the HOR and Senate. 17. Concurring opinion – The opinion of one or more judges who vote with the majority on a case but wish to set out different reasons for their decision. 18. Conference Committees – Ad hoc committees, made up of members of both the Senate and the HOR, set up to reconcile differences in the provisions of bills. 19. Congress – legislative branch, makes laws; bicameral body. 20. Congressional Leadership Senate : President of Senate (VP), President Pro Tempore, Majority Leader, Minority Leader, Whip. House : Speaker of the House, Majority Leader, Minority Leader. 21. Constituencies – District of a legislator. 22. Constituents – Citizens who live in the district of an elected official. 23. Constructionist - 24. Continuing Resolution - a type of appropriations legislation used by the United States Congress to fund government agencies if a formal appropriations bill has not been signed into law by the end of the Congressional fiscal year.
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