Amicus curiae –
“a friend of the court”; describes a brief in which individuals not party
to a suit may have their views heard.
Appellate jurisdiction/courts –
Courts that hear cases on appeal from other courts.
Basic Criteria for President –
35 yrs. old, lived in the U.S. for 14 yrs., natural born
Basic Duties of Congress –
Representation, law making, consensus building, overseeing
the bureaucracy, policy clarification, investigating the operation of government agencies.
Bureaucrats (and what they do) –
Implement, regulate and make rules, execute law
A large, complex organization characterized by a hierarchical set of
offices, each with a specific task, controlled through a clear chain of command, and
where appointment and advancement of personnel is based on merit.
No Constitutional requirement; created by Congress w/ specific legal req.;
advise president on policy.
Services performed by members of Congress for constituents.
a procedure for publicly reprimanding a public official for inappropriate
behavior; no effect on the validity of presidency, unlike impeachment.
Chief of staff –
A top adviser to the president who also manages the White House staff.
Circuit courts –
The 12 geographical jurisdictions and one special court that hear
appeals from the federal district courts.
Civil servants –
Government workers employed under the merit system, not political
Civil service –
Federal government jobs held by civilian employees, excluding political
Class action suit –
A suit brought on behalf of a group of people who are in a situation
similar to that of the plaintiffs.
A vote to end a filibuster or a debate; requires the votes of 3/5 of the
membership of the Senate.
Committee System –
Most of the work of Congress take place here. Allow Congress to
process huge flow of business; “filters” bills so that only small portion will be looked at
by the HOR and Senate.
Concurring opinion –
The opinion of one or more judges who vote with the majority on
a case but wish to set out different reasons for their decision.
Conference Committees –
Ad hoc committees, made up of members of both the Senate
and the HOR, set up to reconcile differences in the provisions of bills.
legislative branch, makes laws; bicameral body.
: President of Senate (VP), President Pro Tempore,
Majority Leader, Minority Leader, Whip.
: Speaker of the House, Majority Leader,
District of a legislator.
Citizens who live in the district of an elected official.