organic chem - Organic Compounds 0 All organic compounds...

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Organic Compounds 0. All organic compounds contain a carbon backbone . 1. Major groups 0. Carbohydrates 1. Lipids 2. Proteins 3. Nucleic Acids Carbohydrates 2. Commonly called sugars and starches. 3. Jobs of carbohydrates: 0. Fuel for cells 1. Structural portion of plant wall Types of carbohydrates 1) Monosaccharides or simple sugars building blocks for larger carbohydrates 4. Examples 5. Glucose and fructose Condensation reaction 6. To build larger carbohydrates, we must put together two monosaccharides. 7. This is called the condensation reaction. 8. We remove water to form a bond between two or more monosaccharides. Disaccharides 9. Form by joining two monosaccharides together. 10. How? 11. Condensation reaction. 12. Examples: 13. Sucrose and maltose Polysaccharides Polysaccharides are built by joining many monosaccharides together . 14. How? 15. Condensation reaction 16.Polysaccharides vary due to their structure.
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Examples: in plants:Cellulose and starch In animals: glycogen Lipids 17. Most lipids are insoluble in water and have a greasy or oily consistency. 18. Jobs of Lipids: 2. Fuel molecules 3. Structural parts of cells 4. Essential hormones Groups of Lipids 19. Neutral Fats 20. Phospholipids 21. Steroids 22.Neutral Fats 5. Store more energy than carbohydrates 23. A neutral fat is made up of one glycerol molecule and 1, 2 or 3 fatty acid chains. Building neutral fats Fatty Acid chains are joined to the glycerol molecule by: Condensation reaction Our example of a neutral fat is a triglyceride. 24.Saturated Fats
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organic chem - Organic Compounds 0 All organic compounds...

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