Fundamental Exam Objectives

Fundamental Exam Objectives - Soil Science Fundamentals...

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1 Soil Science Fundamentals Exam Performance Objectives Soil Science Society of America’s Council of Soil Science Examiners Effective December 2007
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2 Soil Science Fundamental Performance Objectives Table of Contents F O R W A R D 4 SOIL CHEMISTRY AND MINERALOGY 5 1 – Basic Concepts of Soil Chemistry 2 – Solid Phase 3 – Mineral Weathering 4 – Solid/Solution Equilibria 5 – Ion Exchange 6 – Sorption and Precipitation Reactions 7 – Acidity 8 – Oxidation-Reduction Reactions SOIL FERTILITY 9 1 – Essential Plant Nutrients 2 – Roles of Nutrients in Plants and Their Availability in Soils 3 – pH 4 – Acidifying and Liming of Soils 5 – Salt Affected Soils 6 – Nutrient Sources 7 – Soil Fertility Sampling 8 – Soil and Plant Analyses and Interpretations 9 – Nutrient Management S O I L P H Y S I C S 1 4 1 – Physical Properties 2 – Soil-Water Relationships 3 – Water Movement and Transport Processes 4 – Soil Temperature 5 – Soil Gases 6 – Engineering Properties SOIL GENESIS, MORPHOLOGY, AND CLASSIFICATION 18 1 – Soil Forming Factors 2 – Horizon Forming Processes 3 – Soil Profile Descriptions 4 – Soil Interpretations and Land Use Management 5 – Soil Classification Concepts 6 – Soil Mapping 7 – Geomorphology 8 – Soils in Ecosystems 9 – Soil Variability
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3 SOIL BIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY 22 1 – Living Soil Constituents 2 – Soil Ecology 3 – Biological and Biochemical Activities 4 – Soil Organic Matter 5 – Environmental and Agricultural Applications LAND USE MANAGEMENT 28 1 – Erosion and Sediment Control 2 – Wetlands and Hydric Soils 3 – Soil Quality and Management 4 – Waste Management 5 – Cropland and Field Management 6 – Water Quality and Management 7 – Regulatory and Resource Agencies 8 – Urban Soils 9 – Forest Soils
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4 FOREWARD This booklet represents the Performance Objectives (POs) for the Soil Science Fundamentals Examination. The POs presented are the minimal professional competencies needed by the professional soil scientists. These competencies are given as a list of POs. The development of the POs began in 1994 when the Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) asked the practicing soil consultants, state licensing boards, government officials and academicians to collectively develop a nationally applicable set of standards fundamental to the rigorous solution of environmental and agronomic problems. Subsequently, this group evolved into the Council of Soil Science Examiners (CSSE) which refined that original list of standards and continues to refine the list on a systematic basis leading to the most recent 2008 edition. The POs have been developed to assist the student in studying for the Fundamentals Exam. The CSSE is also charged with the development of the examinations required for certification and licensure. The examinations are the product of the balanced application of the POs and can best be studied for by developing a technical understanding of each PO. The goal of the POs, the examinations and the CSSE is to protect the health and welfare
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course SOIL 479 taught by Professor Ulery during the Spring '10 term at NMSU.

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Fundamental Exam Objectives - Soil Science Fundamentals...

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