Plato_Phaedrus - Platos Phaedrus Overview and Analysis from...

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1 Plato Phaedrus 1 Plato’s Phaedrus Overview and Analysis from Richard Weaver Mark Gring, PhD Plato Phaedrus 2 The Phaedrus » CAST: » Socrates: Older, resident philosopher of Athens » Phaedrus: young man who is friends with Socrates and wants to be a great speaker » Lysias: a sophist who has come to town to win and teach students; only referenced by Phaedrus, he does not have a speaking part.
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2 Plato Phaedrus 3 Outline of THE PHAEDRUS » 1. Prologue (227a-230e) » 2. The Speech of Lysias (230e-234c) » 3. The First Interlude (234c-237a) » 4. The First Speech of Socrates (237a-241d) » 5. The Second Interlude–Palinode (241d-243e) Plato Phaedrus 4 Outline of The Phaedrus » 6. The Second Speech of Socrates (243e-257b a. Divine Madness and the Immortality of the Soul (243e-246a) b. The Myth of Souls. Chariot Analogy. Recollection (246a-250c) c. Beauty and the Effects of Love. Different Kinds of Lovers (250d-253c) d. Chariot Analogy Continued. The Control of the Passions. A Concluding Prayer (253c-257b)
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3 Plato Phaedrus 5 Outline of The Phaedrus » 7 The Myth of the Cicadas (257b-259d) » 8. Knowledge and the True Art of Rhetoric (259e-264e) » 9. Collection and Division, or Dialectic (264e-266d) » 10. Rhetoric, False Art & True Art (266d-274b) » 11. Speech and Writing (274b-277a) » 12. Conclusion (277a-279c) Plato Phaedrus 6 Richard Weaver’s Interpretation » Book: The Ethics of Rhetoric (1953) » Chapter 1. “The Phaedrus and the Nature of Rhetoric” » 3 kinds of lovers= 3 speakers and/or knowers reflected in the three speeches. Neutral (exchange; quid pro quo) Evil ( hubris , rape, passion w/o self-control) Noble (passion with self-control, desire for audience’s best interest)
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4 Plato Phaedrus 7 The Phaedrus and Language » 3 ways language affects us: Moves us toward the good Moves us toward the evil Fails to move us at all Plato Phaedrus 8 Richard Weaver: Neutral or Non-Lover (Phaedrus recounting Lysias’ speech) » Never sacrifices himself. Never feels vexation which overtakes lovers who try to balance their pains with their profits.
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