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Smith5_RomanRhetoricalSystem - Roman Rhetoric 1 Rhetorica...

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Roman Rhetoric 1 Rhetorica Ad Herennium -First major Roman rhetoric text -Named for Gaius Herennius and written about 90 BC, probably by an older contemporary of Cicero named Cornificius. 5 Canons of Rhetoric 1. Inventio (Invention) 2. Dispositio (Organization) 3. Elocutio (Style) a. grand: used to move the audience and is more sublime, copious, dignified, and ornate than the others; moves the audience emotionally; stately, speaker is fiery and impetuous b. middle: used to please the audience; it is sweet with a little vigor; Used to please with charm and wit; words chosen for effect; harsh sounds avoided; overall effect is moderation; polish. c. plain: used to prove and therefore is often rhythmless, free, and without much oratorical furniture. 4. Memoria (Memoria) Use of strategies like parallel structure and mnemonic devices to help improve memory. 5. Pronunciatio (Delivery) Arrangement divided into following: 1. Exordium: makes hearers attentive receptive and well disposed 2. Narration: states the case or tells the story 3. Division: states facts admitted by both sides, enumerates points to be made, and offers a brief preview 4. Confirmation: establishes the case and is the most developed part of the speech 5. Refutation: points out flaws in opponents' arguments. 6. Conclusion: sums up, amplifies, and makes a final appeal STASIS SYSTEM First developed by Hermagoras of Temnos in 150 BC, most developed by the Romans 1. Questions of Conjecture: What happened and why? a. Did the alleged act occur? b. Did the accused have a motive to commit the crime? c. Did the accused have the character of one capable of committing the crime? 2. Questions of Definition: Can the act be defined as a crime? 3. Questions of Quality: What is the quality of the act that lies behindthe crime? a. Was the act justified and therefore not punishable? b. Were there mitigating circumstances that excuse the act even though it was wrong? i. Is the accused a victim of temporary or permanent insanity? ii. Was the crime an accident rather than premeditated?
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