Argumentation & Debate

Argumentation & Debate - Click to 3314 COMS edit Master...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 9/26/11 Chapter 1- Critical Thinking COMS 3314
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9/26/11 The process of critical thinking Critical thinking: raises vital questions and problems, formulating them clearly and precisely; gathers and assesses relevant information, using abstract ideas to interpret it effectively; comes to well- reasoned conclusions and solutions, testing
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9/26/11 The process of critical thinking thinks open- mindedly within alternative systems of thought, recognizing and assessing, as need be, their assumptions, implications, and practical con-sequences; communicates effectively with others in figuring out solutions to complex problems; entails effective communication and
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9/26/11 Critical decision-making A critical decision is one that survives the test of a relevant set of criteria Stands up to criticism Remains open to further criticism Opposite of impulsive decisions There are very few situations in which all reasonable people would agree
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9/26/11 Factors in decision making Uncertainty Uncertainty is pervasive Language is uncertain The future is uncertain The search for certainty is attractive, but fruitless Internal dialogue (critical thinking) intrapersonal (almost like a mini-debate)
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9/26/11 Why is argumentation difficult to define? Argumentation is something that comes naturally to us Though skilled argumentation is fairly rare, a minimal degree of argument is present from ages 3 and beyond Argumentation study requires looking a familiar process in a new way
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9/26/11 Argumentation Argumentation is the communicative process of advancing, supporting, criticizing, and modifying claims so that appropriate decision makers, defined by relevant spheres, may grant or deny adherence. justification of acts, beliefs, attitudes, and values
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9/26/11 Elements of argumentation Adherence- the informed support of others People committed to a claim- more than lip service Appropriate decision makers- people who will end up making decisions Who determines? Can they change?
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9/26/11 Elements of argumentation Spheres- collections of people in the process of interacting upon and making critical decisions.
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9/26/11 Good reasons Argumentation relies on good reasons Good reasons are audience- based justifications for or against propositions Good reasons differ by audience and are therefore, impacted by culture Argumentation guides decision making
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9/26/11 Debate Debate is the process of inquiry and advocacy, a way of arriving at a reasoned judgment on a proposition. Individuals may use debate to reach a decision in their own minds; alternatively, individuals or groups may use it to bring others around to their way of thinking.
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