Carbohydrates - Carbohydrates By Wilbur Cruz Rosalind...

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Unformatted text preview: Carbohydrates By Wilbur Cruz Rosalind Marsiello & Tia Maynard Nutrition Often when we talk about food and nutrition we talk about Calories Carbohydrates contain 4 Calories per gram This makes them an exceptionally useful source of quick energy since they are easily metabolized in the body Function Carbohydrates are the bodys main source of energy In the body, glucose is oxidized in a series of metabolic reactions known as respiration This releases chemical energy into the bodys cells which allows them to do work How the body digests carbohydrates Classification Carbohydrates can be classified as either SIMPLE or COMPLEX . Simple carbohydrates are usually high in calories and offer very little nutritional value. Complex carbohydrates such as vegetables, pasta, grains, and legumes are better for us because they provide other nutrition like vitamins, minerals, and protein. Structurally, all carbohydrates are made up of carbon , oxygen , and hydrogen They are classified into three groups: monosaccharides , disaccharides , and polysaccharides A monosaccharide cannot be split into any smaller carbohydrates Disaccharides are made up of two monosaccharides joined by a glycosidic bond Polysaccharides are naturally occurring polymers consisting of many monosaccharide units MONOSACCHARIDES The most common carbohydrate is glucose. It is found in fruits, vegetables, honey, and corn syrup. Fructose is the sweetest of the carbohydrates. For this reason it is very popular among dieters because less is needed to provide a pleasant taste than if you were using sucrose....
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This note was uploaded on 09/25/2011 for the course CHM 2211 taught by Professor Choudhury,l during the Summer '08 term at Broward College.

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Carbohydrates - Carbohydrates By Wilbur Cruz Rosalind...

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