chapt01_v0811_Intro

chapt01_v0811_Intro - Chapter 1 Major Themes of Anatomy...

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1 Chapter 1 Major Themes of Anatomy & Physiology ANATOMY- Study of form PHYSIOLOGY- Study of the function
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2 Form Follows Function
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3 Human Structure Levels of Structural Organization: Chemical SIMPLEST Cellular Tissue Organ System Organism COMPLEX.
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11 Systems of the Human Body 4
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11 Organ Systems and Principal Organ 1. Integrumentary system - Skin 2. Skeletal System- Bone 3. Muscular System- Muscle 4. Lymphatic System- Lymphatic vessels 5. Respiratory System- Lungs 6. Urinary System- Kidneys 7. Nervous System- Brain 8. Endocrine System- Hypothalamus 9. Circulatory system- Heart 10. Digestive System- Small intestine 11. Reproductive System- Uterus 5
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Integumentary system Respiratory system Urinary system Muscular system Skeletal system Principal organs: Skin, hair, nails, cutaneous glands Principal functions: Protection, water retention, thermoregulation, vitamin D synthesis, cutaneous sensation, nonverbal communication Principal organs: Bones, cartilages, ligaments Principal functions: Support, movement, protective enclosure of viscera, blood formation, electrolyte and acid–base balance Principal organs: Skeletal muscles Principal functions: Movement, stability , communication, control of body openings, heat production Principal organs: Lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, thymus, spleen, tonsils Principal functions: Recovery of excess tissue fluid, detection of pathogens, production of immune cells, defense against disease Principal organs: Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs Principal functions: Absorption of oxygen, discharge of carbon dioxide, acid–base balance, speech Principal organs: Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder , urethra Principal functions: Elimination of wastes; regulation of blood volume and pressure; stimulation of red blood cell formation; control of fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance; detoxification Lymphatic system
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Endocrine system Circulatory system Digestive system Male reproductive system Female reproductive system Nervous system Principal organs: Brain, spinal cord, nerves,
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chapt01_v0811_Intro - Chapter 1 Major Themes of Anatomy...

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