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hierachy of needs.odt - MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS...

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MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDSMaslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory by Abraham Maslow,which puts forward that people are motivated by five basiccategories of needs: physiological, safety, love, esteem, andself-actualization.Key Takeaways: Maslow’s Hierarchy of NeedsAccording to Maslow, we have five categories of needs: physiological, safety,love, esteem, and self-actualization.In this theory, higher needs in the hierarchy begin to emergewhen people feel they have sufficiently satisfied the previousneed.Although later research does not fully support all of Maslow’stheory, his research has impacted other psychologists andcontributed to the field of positive psychology.What Is Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs?In order to better understand what motivates humanbeings, Maslow proposed that human needs can be organizedinto a hierarchy. This hierarchy ranges from more concreteneeds such as food and water to abstract concepts such as self-fulfillment. According to Maslow, when a lower need is met, thenext need on the hierarchy becomes our focus of attention.These are the five categories of needs according to Maslow:1. PhysiologicalThese refer to basic physical needs like drinking when thirstyor eating when hungry. According to Maslow, some of theseneeds involve our efforts to meet the body’s needfor homeostasis; that is, maintaining consistent levels in1
different bodily systems (for example, maintaining a bodytemperature of 98.6°).Maslow considered physiological needs to be the most essentialof our needs. If someone is lacking in more than one need,they’re likely to try to meet these physiological needs first. Forexample, if someone is extremely hungry, it’s hard to focus onanything else besides food. Another example of a physiologicalneed would be the need for adequate sleep.2.SafetyOnce people’s physiological requirements are met, the nextneed that arises is a safe environment. Our safety needs areapparent even early in childhood, as children have a need forsafe and predictable environments and typically react with fearor anxiety when these are not met. Maslow pointed out that inadults living in developed nations, safety needs are moreapparent in emergency situations (e.g. war and disasters), but

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Term
Fall
Professor
hakim
Tags
Maslow s hierarchy

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