CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY

CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY - CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 1. Culture is a way...

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CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 1. Culture is a way of life shared by members of society. Several species display limited capacity for culture, but only human beings rely on culture for survival 2. As the human brain evolved, the first elements of culture appeared some 3 million years ago; culture replaced biological instincts as our species’ primary strategy for survival 3. Culture is built using symbols. Language is the symbolic system by which one generation passes on culture to the next 4. Values are culturally defined standards of what out to be; beliefs are statements that people who share a culture hold to be true. Norms, which guide human behavior, are of two kinds: mores, which have great moral significance, and folk ways, which are everyday matters of politeness 5. Culture is shaped by technology. We understand technological development in terms of stages of sociocultural evolution: hunting and gathering, horticulture and pastoralism, agriculture, industry, and the postindustrial information age. 6. High culture refers to patterns that distinguish a society’s elites; popular culture includes patterns widespread in a society 7. There are many dimensions of cultural diversity in the United States. Immigration has brought cultural traits from nations around the world. Our ways of life also include distinctive
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at UNL.

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CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY - CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 1. Culture is a way...

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