CHAPTER 4 - CHAPTER 4 1 Social structure provides...

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CHAPTER 4 1. Social structure provides guidelines for behavior, making everyday life understandable and predicatable 2. A major component of social structure is status. Within a person’s status set, a master status has special importance for the person’s identity 3. Ascribed statuses are involuntary, whereas achieved statuses are earned. In practice, most statuses are both ascribed and achieved 4. Role is the active expression of a status. Tension among the roles corresponding to two or more statuses generates role conflict. Likewise, tension among the roles linked to a single status causes role strain. 5. The “social construction of reality” is the idea that we build the social world through our interactions with others 6. The Thomas theorem states that situations defined as real are real in their consequences 7. Ethnomethodology seeks to reveal the assumptions and understandings people have of their social world 8.
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