CHAPTER 5

CHAPTER 5 - common identity and limited interaction. The...

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CHAPTER 5 1. Social groups, large and small, link members of society and perform various tasks 2. Primary groups tend to be small and person-oriented, secondary groups typically are large and goal-oriented 3. Instrumental leadership is concerned with realizing a group’s goals; expressive leadership focuses on members’ morale and well-being 4. Because group members often seek agreement, groups can pressure members toward conformity 5. Individuals use reference groups- both in-groups and out-groups- to evaluate situations and make decisions. 6. Georg Simmel described the dyad, a group with just two members, as intense but unstable; the three-member triad is more stable but can easily turn into a dyad with the loss of one member 7. Peter Blau explored how group size, social diversity, and physical segregation of groups affect members’ behavior. Social networks are relational webs that link people who have little
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Unformatted text preview: common identity and limited interaction. The Internet is a vast electronic network linking millions of people worldwide 8. Social networks are relational webs that link people who have little common identity and limited interaction. The internet is a vast electronic network linking millions of people worldwide. 9. Forma organizations are large secondary groups that try to perform complex task efficiently. They are classified as normative, coercive, or utilitarian, based on their members reasons for joining 10. Bureaucratic organizations expands in modern societies to perform many complex tasks efficiently. Bureaucracy is based on specialization, hierarchy, rules and regulations, technical competence, impersonal interaction, and formal, written communication....
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