SUMMARY OF CHAPTER 1

SUMMARY OF CHAPTER 1 - SUMMARY OF CHAPTER 1 1. The...

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SUMMARY OF CHAPTER 1 1. The sociological perspective shows that the general operation of society affects the experiences of particular people. In this way, sociology helps us better understand barriers and opportunities in our lives 2. Early social thinkers focused on what society out to be. Sociology, named by Auguste Comte in 1838, uses scientific methods to understand how society as it is 3. The development of sociology was triggered by rapid change in Europe in the eighteenth centuries. The rise of an industrial economy, the explosive growth of cites, and the emergence of new political ideas combined to weaken tradition and make people more away of their social world. 4. Theory is the process of linking facts to create meaning. Sociologists use theoretical approaches to guide theory building 5. The structural-functio 6. nal approach is a framework for exploring how social structures work together to promote the overall operation of society 7. The social-conflict approach highlights dimensions of social inequality that generate conflict and promote change 8. In contrast to these macro –level orientations, the symbolic interaction approach is a micro-level framework for studying how people, in everyday interaction, construct reality. 9. Scientific sociology uses the logic of science, based on empirical evidence we confirm our sense 10. Measurement is the process of giving a value to a variable in specific case. Sound Measurement is both reliable and valid 11. Scientific research seeks to determine how variables are related. Ideally, researchers try to identify how one (independent) variables causes change in another (dependent) variable. 12. Although researchers select topics according to their personal interests, the scientific ideal of
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at UNL.

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SUMMARY OF CHAPTER 1 - SUMMARY OF CHAPTER 1 1. The...

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