Anthro Exam IV
crow reservation, largest in Montana, 2.2 million sq acres, about 12k in population.
bulk of population is under 18 (a phenomena on all the reservations)
resources are provided by tribe, they sell timber, have coal deposits, and make some money off of oil
since taking over their contracts they’re getting market value for their resources
busy buying back contiguous land and reintroducing bison, have a substantial bison herd—“bison
inheritance goes through female line
not surprising, considering that Crow broke off from Hidatsa (also matrilineal).
became a nomadic group
after split, only horticultural practice they retained was growing of tobacco.
inherit clan from mother
clans have different duties/responsibilities
when man marries a non-Crow woman, his kids can’t be part of clan. This led to creation
of new clans for “mixed” children, don’t have the prestige of old Crow clans, but its an
effort to incorporate new generations into tribe.
thought that they separated from Hidatsa in early 1700’s, when lots of horses/firearms
started flowing into great plans.
horses ate food closer to the ground than the bison
polluted water sometimes
introduction of horses and later cattle played a role in diminishment of bison.
heart of the tribe is located at the highest point in the Bighorn Mountains
tribe is thought to be misnamed. Some say they should be called “Ravens” but term Crow is generally
accepted by anthropologists and the tribe, itself.
name they initially called themselves “Ah” (?) meant “people of the earth”
tribe became incredibly powerful
had more horses than any other tribe besides maybe some in the southern plains.
even the poorest Crow had 20 horses, middle aged men averaged 100 horses.
hunted bison, important to diet, in addition to Elk.
-Elk dresses were given to girl for puberty ceremony and were considered fancy
in Crow culture throughout life.
hunted black-tail/whitetail deer
hunted doll sheep (with horns) used horns as utensils, used fur, dyed fur.
hunted grizzly bear, surrounded by lots of taboos
had to treat skull in very specific way, like put it in a cave, leave offerings to skull, etc.
bear meat was taboo to women. Women could use bear skin as blankets, part of a saddle,
other decorative purposes, but culdn’t eat the meat.
used spices to season meat…mint, other plants…used berries to glaze meat.
took pride in their food
cooperative hunts were the norm, communal bison hunts took place in the fall, when
bison were at their fattest, and during the summer, following the Sun Dance.
2 major communal bison hunts per year