Exam III Review

Exam III Review - Anthro Exam III Review Central Plains...

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Anthro Exam III Review – Central Plains Cheyenne - lived the furthest East - were farmers - shaman had a vision to move West so they moved West and became a power house o felt they were obeying a supernatural command to move West towards the ocean - oddly talked about the ocean but had never seen it - planted and harvested tobacco - not the same name they refer to themselves as o Tsistsistas = the real people, human beings - comes from Dakota language meaning “those who speak differently” - part of the Algonquian language family - transition from corn to bison o supernatural vision about bison o bison will turn them in to a powerhouse - hung out with the MANDAN (population demolished by small pox) o known as a group of diplomats and mediators; mediated between tribes o polylingual, knew several languages o people were always iffy about the Mandans because they were odd; they weren’t very religious, very experimental o helped Cheyenne a great deal - Ojibwa = Chippewa o Chief Sugar – disliked Cheyenne o Set up Cheyenne surveillance o See a group of men (Cheyenne) to go hunt o Sugar’s group massacres the village o Many Cheyenne killed Cheyenne hook up with Mandan - early 1800s became very nomadic and grew tobacco - roles very much gender determined, and no crossing over - sexually restricted group o women needed to be virgins; they went no where by themselves o no adulterous affairs when married o sometimes people could elope or buy off other people’s husbands (wives?) o women had to really count o their brothers if they were in a bad marriage o worst ting to do to your husband is to commit suicide => destroys husbands reputation - Complex organization o 10 matrilineal bands o women and sisters formed the core of the group o husbands and brothers controlled the power of these bands o usually split in the winter and joined in the summer (at the sun dance usually in June) o Council of 44 Elder men Four men picked from each of the bands, and then the additional four ere elected from the chosen forty men; had to be a unanimous vote Serve ten years, the additional four men could serve however long they wanted Diplomacy of other tribes/states Always tended to lean towards peace Infuriated the military societies Some military societies split from them - Religion o Believed in one supreme being “Maheo” o Believed in two spiritual/cultural heroes: Sweet Medicine and Erect Horns o Sweet Medicine
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Went to Barbute Mountain Handsome, mysterious Vision to go to Barbute Mountain by Maheo Meets Maheo directly, teaches him things, gives him the Four Sacred Arrows they give Cheyenne dominance; over men, animals, warfare, bison powered by Maheo arrow keeper: Sweet Medicine and his lineage shown at sun dance and prayed over to Maheo to keep up relationship women weren’t allowed to speak, know, or see the arrows - Cheyenne go to war with Pawnee - There’s a sick Pawnee man o Cheyenne arrow keeper tries to kill him with the sacred arrows and the sick Pawnee man just steals the arrows
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Exam III Review - Anthro Exam III Review Central Plains...

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