09.26.2011 (Cold War)

09.26.2011 (Cold War) - TheChineseCivilWar I: II:,19111937...

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09/26/2011 The Chinese Civil War I: Introduction—A Revolutionary World The success of the Russian revolution sets the stage for other revolutions.  II: The Chinese Revolution and World Communism, 1911-1937 The modern period was not good to China, and in the 19 th  cent with the gradual  weakness of the Chinese imperial system as well as the rise of the Europeans weakened  China (Opium wars, etc); By the end of the 19 th  cent, virtually every European power,  with Japan, were literally carving off pieces of China, even though China was never  colonized like India, but the great powers have each signed various treaties with them  and have gotten exclusive rights to certain sections of China. Boxer rebellion put down  by U.S. troops 1911: Nationalist Revolution in China was led by Sun Yat-Sen (1866-1925); idea  was that imperial regime needed to go because clearly so tradition bound and  inefficient and China needed a modern gov’t (republic) and he establishes a  movement (GMD) Jiang Jieshi (1887-1975) succeeds Yat-Sen as leader of GMD; was all in favor of  absorbing the communists into GMD (lessened the threat of revolt); Very popular  in the U.S. because married a U.S. woman who was Christian (was a man of the  west) Guomindang/GMD (overthrow old imperial system for a more modern system  that would strengthen China); faced two problems to replace imperial system 
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