Ankle-Foot Outline

Ankle-Foot Outline - 4 Flexor Digitorum Longus 5 Flexor...

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Ankle and Foot A. Osteology - 26 bones - tibia (medial malleolus, fibula (lateral malleolus), calcaneus, talus, tarsal (cuneiforms, navicular, cuboid), metatarsals, phalanges B. Arthrology - talocrural joint (ankle)(hinge), intertarsal joints (gliding), metatarsophalangeal joints (condyloid), interphalangeal joints (hinge) Arches - longitudinal (medial and lateral), transverse Ligaments - to maintain position of an arch C. Movements 1.Talocrural (ankle) - described in terms of the foot plantar flexion dorsal flexion 2.Tarsal joints inversion eversion 3.Metatarsophalangeal joints flexion and extension abduction and adduction 4.Interphalangeal joints flexion and extension D. Musculature 1.Extrinsic Muscles - originate outside the ankle and foot a. Anterior 1. Tibialis Anterior 2. Extensor Digitorum Longus 3. Extensor Hallucis Longus 4. Peroneus Tertius b. Lateral 1. Peroneus Longus 2. Peroneus Brevis c. Posterior 1. Gastrocnemius 2. Soleus 3. Plantaris
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Unformatted text preview: 4. Flexor Digitorum Longus 5. Flexor Hallucis Longus 6. Tibialis Posterior 3. Intrinsic Muscles - totally contained within the foot a. Plantar side 1. Flexor Digitorum Brevis 2. Abductor Hallucis 3. Abductuctor Digiti Minimi 4. Quadratus Plantae 5. The Lumbricales 6. Flexor Hallucis Brevis 7. Adductor Halluci 8. Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis b. Dorsal side 1. Extensor Digitorum Brevis E. Summary of Movement - Ankle 1. plantar flexion - Soleus, Tibialis Posterior, Flexor DigitorumLongus, Flexor Hallucis Longus, Peroneus Longus, Peroneus Brevis, Gastrocnemius, Plantaris 2. dorsal flexion - Tibialis Anterior, Extensor Digitorum Longus, Peroneus Tertius, Extensor Hallucis Longus 3. inversion - Tibialis Anterior, Tibialis Posterior, Flexor Digitorum Longus, Flexor Hallucis Longus 4. eversion - Extensor Digitorum Longus, Peroneus Tertius, Peroneus Longus, Peroneus Brevis...
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