Spine Outline

Spine Outline - 9. Quadratus Lumborum 10. Trapezius 1 11....

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Spinal Column and Pelvic Girdle Outline A. Osteology 1. spinal column - vertebrae (7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, sacrum, coccyx) a. primary curves - thoracic and sacrococcygeal b. secondary curves - cervical and lumbar 2. pelvic girdle - two hip bones (formed by fusion of pubis, ilium, and ishium) joined together at the sacrum and tied together at the symphysis to form a single unit B. Arthrology 1. spinal column - cartilaginous joints with intervetebral discs 2. pelvic girdle a. sacroilialac - nonaxial b. symphysis - cartilaginous - slightly movable c. lumbosacral - all movements occur around this joint C. Movements 1. spinal column a. flexion b. extension - hyperextension c. lateral flexion d. rotation 2. pelvic girdle a. forward tilt b. backward tilt c. lateral tilt d. rotation D. Musculature of the Spinal Column 1. Prevetebral Muscles 2. Scaleni 3. Sternocleidomastoid 4. Splenius 5. Suboccipitals 6. Erector Spinae 7. Semispinalis Muscles 8. Deep Posterior Muscles
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Unformatted text preview: 9. Quadratus Lumborum 10. Trapezius 1 11. Rectus Abdominus 12. External Oblique 13. Internal Oblique 14. Psoas Minor E. Summary of Movements of Spinal Column a. flexion - Rectus Abdominus, External Oblique, Internal Oblique, Psoas Minor, Sternocleidomastoid, Scaleni, Prevertebral Muscles b. extension - hyperextension - Erector Spinae, Semispinalis, Deep Posterior Muscles, Splenius, Suboccipitals, Trapezius c. lateral flexion - Quadratus Lumborum, Rectus Abdominus, External Oblique, Internal Obliques, Psoas Minor, Sternocleidomastoid, Scaleni, Prevertebral Muscles, Erector Spinae, Semispinalis, Deep Posterior MusclesSplenius, Suboccipitals d. rotation 1. Opposite Side - External Oblique, Sternocleidomastoid, Semispinalis, Deep Posterior Muscles, Trapezius 1 2. Same Side - Internal Oblique, Erector Spinae, Splenius, Suboccipitals...
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