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PELegislation - EDUCATION LEGISLATION 1896 Plessy v...

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EDUCATION LEGISLATION 1896: Plessy v. Ferguson Upheld the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation, under the doctrine of “separate but equal.” Plessy vs Ferguson was originally meant for transportation issues, but: Jim Crow laws were passed throughout the South and they established separate facilities for Blacks and Whites in everything from schools to restrooms, drinking fountains to witness stands in courtrooms.
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EDUCATION LEGISLATION 1954: Brown v. Board of Education "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.” This ruling paved the way for integration and the civil rights movement.
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EDUCATION LEGISLATION 1968: Bilingual Education Act Change: •Provided school districts with federal funds to establish educational programs for students with limited English speaking ability 1974: Amendments to the Bilingual Education Act: •mandated school districts to take affirmative steps to remedy English language deficiencies, beyond providing books and other learning materials that are provided to all students. •Defined “bilingual education program”
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EDUCATION LEGISLATION 1972: Title IX of the Education Amendments No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance .... Was to take effect by 1978; compliance achieved much later
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EDUCATION LEGISLATION 1972: Title IX of the Education Amendments With certain exceptions, elementary and secondary schools may not assign students to separate classrooms or activities, or prevent them from enrolling in a course of their choice, on the basis of sex. This includes health, physical education, industrial arts, business, vocational, technical, home economics, music and adult education courses.
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