lecture notes prelim 2 - lecture 8 17:28 Review session for...

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Unformatted text preview: lecture 8 17:28 Review session for prelim 1 Monday Sept 27 6-7pm MVR G71 Bring I clicker For prelim 2 Cognitive development as a framework to discuss physical development Three views of early cognitive development o Piaget- cognitive developmental theory o Information processing o Vygotsky- sociocultural theory Piaget Schemas/schemes o Organized way of making sense of experiences Adaptation- big part of what babies are doing. Building schemas with direct interaction with the environment Assimilation- interpreting the external world through old schemas Accommodation- creating new schemas in your head, or adjusting old ones to fit new things Organization- internal rearrangement of schemas Piagets method o Came up with it by observing children (3 children- his own) Very small sample, all genetically related Piaget: Sensorimotor Stage- Birth to 2 years Substage 1 o Reflexive schemes- birth to 1 month o Newborn reflexes are foundation of sensorimotor stage Substage 2 o Primary circular reaction- 1 to 4 months Infant shows babys voluntary control Action will be repeated if satisfying o Involves the babys own body o Motivated by basic needs Substage 3 o Secondary circular reaction- 4-8 months o Infant repeats interesting thing that s/he causes in environment Hits a toy and sees it move o Dont need to teach basics to babies- they learn on their own Substage 4 o Goal oriented behavior o Understand object permanence o Begin to understand A not B error Substage 5 o Does not make A not B error Substage 6 o Deferred imitation o More complex understanding of object permanence o Make believe play Video- McGraw studies (refleces, twind study) Baby bouncer studies Thelan studies (mobile, reaching, walking) Video illustrates- Piaget sensorimotor Substage 1 and Substage 3 Interrelationship of physical and cognitive dev. Research methods with infants- micro genetic studies Interaction of heredity and environment o Not innate- otherwise everyone would develop skills at same time o Gradually emerge over time, in infants own way by experimenting with environment Substage 4 o Coordination of secondary circular reactions- 8 to 12 months o More complex, goal-directed sequences o Begins to understand object permanence, but makes A not B error o Video of object permanence 5 month old will look around, but wont use hands 8 months- baby search with hands 1 yr- know where object is after it is hidden under two places o Video of A not B Substage 5 o Tertiary circular reactions- 12-18 months o Does not make A not B error- can search in several locations for hidden object o Can repeat behaviors with variations o More experimental and more adventurous At what age do babies stop making the A not B error?...
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course HD 115 at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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lecture notes prelim 2 - lecture 8 17:28 Review session for...

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