lecture notes for final

lecture notes for final - 17:40 Child Rearing Styles T wo...

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17:40 Child Rearing Styles Two dimensions of child-rearing: Demandingness o Having high, developmentally appropriate expectations Responsiveness o Being accepting of children and responding to their needs Parenting Styles High Respondivene ss Low responsivenes s High Demanding authoritative Authoritarian Low demanding Permissive (indulgent) Uninvolved (indifferent) Authoritarian- wont take feedback- “you’re doing this because I said so” Authoritative Children’s behavior associated with different styles of parenting(2 yrs) Authoritative o Happy in mood o Self-confident o Self-controlled o Task persistence o Less gender-typed
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Authoritarian o Anxious o Withdrawn o Unhappy o Hostile when frustrated o Boys- more anger and defiance o Girls- more dependence and less initiative exploring challenging tasks Permissive o Immature o Difficulty controlling impulses o Disobedient and rebellious o Dependent on adults o Less persistent in school tasks, esp boys Uninvolved o Low tolerance for frustration o Poor emotional control o School achievement difficulties o If extreme (neglect) – disruption in all aspects of development (attachment, cognition, play, social skills) Parents styles Parenting style research o Correlation not causal
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May be easier to be an authoritarian parent with an easy child Components of authoritative parenting- o Warmth (and acceptance/involvement) o Autonomy granting o Behavioral control (limit setting behavioral monitoring) Learn demanding/responsiveness chart Parenting styles Autonomy granting: Authoritative o Child can make decisions when developmentally ready Authoritarian o Makes decisions for child and ignores child’s point of view Permissive o Lets child make decisions before child is ready Uninvolved o Indifferent to child’s decision making and point of view
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17:40 Parenting Styles Video on parenting styles o Boyz N the Hood Boy gets in trouble after promising not to and has to go live with his dad o What is the parenting style of the mother? Authoritative- had a contract and if he got in trouble in school again he’d go live with the father Also being responsive- explained to him why she’s doing it- doesn’t want him to be a drunk, she loves him etc. o What is the parenting style of the father? Authoritarian- very demanding, not very responsive Authoritative- looking out for his best interest (the kids across the street…) Parenting Styles Cultural differences in parenting styles Authoritative parenting is the most effective Some cultures demandingness can be seen as a sign of care and concern o May view parental behavior differently in different cultures African American o Hispanic- carribean o Also sometimes very demanding of respect of parental authority (especially fathers) combines with parental warmth it is effective crosses into authoritarian when it …
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17:40 authoritative is known to have the best outcomes- highly demanding and highly
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