101+lecture+20 - Justice Iris Marion Young(1949-2006 Two...

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Iris Marion Young (1949-2006) Two models of democracy: aggregative and deliberative Aggregative model: interprets democracy as a process of aggregating the preferences of citizens in choosing public officials and policies (19). Features of the aggregative model: Takes preferences as given, external to politics Lacks clear sense of “the public” Can lead to irrational outcomes (i.e., no “invisible hand”)
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In the aggregative model of democracy, Voting – the expressing of preferences among a list of candidates or referendum choices – is the primary political act (22). Deliberative model Participants arrive at a decision not by determining which proposals have greatest numerical support, but by determining which proposals the collective agrees are supported by the best reasons (23).
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Ideals of the deliberative model Inclusion: a democratic decision is normatively legitimate only if all those affected by it are included in the process of discussion and decision-making (23). Political equality:
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101+lecture+20 - Justice Iris Marion Young(1949-2006 Two...

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