95%(22)21 out of 22 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 8 pages.
Module 4: Endocrine Disorders Amy Beckner Date / Time April 1, 2020 0:34 am Module 4: Endocrine Disorders # Question Student Answer 1 Define SIADH and identify any patient characteristics that may have contributed to the development of SIADH. Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone is a condition in which the body makes too much antidiuretic hormone. ADH helps the kidneys control the amount of water the body loses through urine. The patients stumbling and confusion can be contributed to the low sodium level that usually accompanies SIADH. Her history of diabetes type 2 and intake of metformin increases her risk of developing SIADH. 2 Explain why the patient exhibited these symptoms? Weakness and fatigue are the early symptoms of hypocortisolism. As the condition gets worse symptoms progress to nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The patients chronic use of steroids most likely led her to
develop adrenal insufficiency which then led to the hypocortisolism and her symptoms. 3 What is the role of parathyroid hormone in the development of primary hyperparathyroidism? Primary hyperparathyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid glands produce too much parathyroid hormone and the calcium level in the blood becomes elevated. 4 1 of 2: Explain the processes involved in the formation of renal stones in patients with hyperparathyroidism. Patients who have hyperparathyroidism have an increase in the level of calcium in the blood. Elevated calcium levels is one of the leading causes of renal stones. 5 2 of 2: Explain how a patient with hyperparathyroidism is at risk for bone fractures. Hyperparathyroidism is an excess of parathyroid hormone in the bloodstream due to overactivity of one or more of the body's parathyroid glands. The glands produce parathyroid hormone which helps maintain an adequate balance of calcium in the blood stream and in tissues that depend on calcium for proper functioning. This causes a decrease of calcium in the bones which makes the more fragile and prone to fractures. 6 What serious consequences of hypoparathyroidism occur and why?