101+lecture+6 - Thomas Hobbes (1588­1679) Thomas Hobbes...

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Unformatted text preview: Thomas Hobbes (1588­1679) Thomas Hobbes (1588­1679) Leviathan (1651) Part I: chs. 1­9, 11­16 Part II: chs. 17­19, 21, 24, 29­31 Part III: chs. 32, 36, 43 Review and Conclusion Overview Overview Machiavelli to Hobbes The Protestant Reformation The English Civil Wars (1642­1649) Leviathan: Introduction Leviathan: Part I, “Of Man” Leviathan, Introduction Leviathan “Life is but a motion of limbs…” The commonwealth is an artificial man…and Sovereignty is the soul The social contract is the “Fiat,” the creation, the “Let us make man” Evidence: “nosce teipsum” The passions Leviathan: Part I, “Of Man” Leviathan Sense in all cases is…caused by pressure, that is, by the motion of external things upon our eyes, ear, and other organs (ch.1) Leviathan, Part I: “Of Man” Leviathan …when we would express the decay, and signify that sense is fading, old, and past, it is called memory (ch 2). Leviathan, Part I: “Of Man Leviathan The succession of one thought to another…is called mental discourse (ch 3). Leviathan, Part I: “Of Man” Leviathan The general use of speech is to transfer our mental discourse into verbal, or the train of our thoughts into a train of words… (ch 4) Leviathan: Part I, “Of Man” Leviathan These words of good, evil, and contemptible, are ever used with relation to the person that useth them: There being nothing simply and absolutely so (Ch 6). Leviathan: Part I, “Of Man” Leviathan For the thoughts are to the desires, as scouts, and spies, to range abroad, and find the way to the things desired (ch 9). Leviathan: Part I, “Of Man” Leviathan …a general inclination of all mankind a perpetual and restless desire of power after power, that ceaseth only in death. (ch 11) Leviathan: Part I, “Of Man” Leviathan The doctrine of right and wrong, is perpetually disputed, both by the pen and the sword; whereas the doctrine of lines, and figures, is not so; because men care not, in that subject [geometry] what be truth, as a thing that crosses no man’s ambition, profit, or lust. (ch 11). Leviathan: Part I, “Of Man” Leviathan NATURE hath made men so equal in the faculties of body and mind as that, though there be found one man… stronger in body or of quicker mind than another, yet when all is reckoned together the difference between man and man is not so considerable…. For as to the strength of body, the weakest has strength enough to kill the strongest, either by secret machination or by confederacy with others that are in the same danger with himself. (ch 13) Leviathan: Part I, “Of Man” Leviathan [The life of man in the state of nature] poor, nasty, brutish, and short (ch 13) Leviathan, Part I: “Of Man” Leviathan The desires, and other passions of men, are in themselves no sin (ch 13). The ill condition, which man by mere nature is actually placed in, though with a possibility to come out of it, consisting partly in the passions, and partly in his reason (ch 13). ...
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